- Contracting Party
- Day of accession
- 1 July 2006
The Energy Community is an international organisation which brings together the European Union and its neighbours to create an integrated pan-European energy market. The organisation was founded by the Treaty establishing the Energy Community signed in October 2005 in Athens, Greece, in force since July 2006. The key objective of the Energy Community is to extend the EU internal energy market rules and principles to countries in South East Europe, the Black Sea region and beyond on the basis of a legally binding framework.
The mission of the Energy Community Treaty is to:
Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of Bosnia and Herzegovina
TRG BiH 1, 71000 Sarajevo
State Electricity Regulatory Commission
Miška Jovanovića Street 4/II, 75000 Tuzla
Federal Ministry of Energy, Mining and Industry
Alipašina 41, Sarajevo
Regulatory Commission for Electricity in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Blajburških žrtava br. 33, 88000 Mostar
Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy
Schornhorstr. 34-37, 10115 Berlin
Federal Network Agency for Electricity, Gas, Telecommunications, Posts and Railway
(Bundesnetzagentur - BNetzA)
Tulpenfeld 4, 53113 Bonn
Ministry of the Environment and Energy
Rosenbad 4, SE-103 33 Stockholm
Swedish Energy Agency
Kungsgatan 43, SE-631 04 Eskilstuna
Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources
Türk Ocağı Caddesi No:2, 06100 Çankaya-Ankara
Energy Market Regulatory Authority of Turkey, EMRA
İşçi Blokları Mahallesi Muhsin Yazıcıoğlu Caddesi No:51/C, 06530 - Yüzüncüyıl/ Balgat/ Ankara
European Commission Directorate General Energy
Rue J.-A. Demot, 24-28, B – 1040 Brussels, BELGIUM
Council of European Energy Regulators (CEER)
Cours Saint-Michel 30a, (5th floor), Securex building, 1040 Brussels, BELGIUM
Presently the Energy Community has nine Contracting Parties - Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo*, North Macedonia, Georgia, Moldova, Montenegro, Serbia and Ukraine. Whilst founding members to the Treaty establishing the Energy Community in 2005, Bulgaria and Romania joined the European Union in 2007. This was also the case with Croatia as of 1 July 2013.
The European Union is a Party to the Energy Community Treaty. Represented by the European Commission, it serves as a permanent Vice-President of the organisation.
Armenia, Norway and Turkey take part as Observers. Ukraine and Moldova held first Observer status and are now full fledged members. Belarus applied for an Observer status in October 2016. Observers may attend the institutional meetings of the Energy Community.
Any European Union Member State may obtain the status of a Participant. Participants have the right to take part in all institutional meetings of the Energy Community. Presently as many as 20 European Union Member States have the Participant status.
A strong institutional setting supports the Energy Community process. As the highest decision-making body, the Ministerial Council meets once a year to set key priorities and steer the implementation of the Treaty. The work of the Ministerial Council is prepared by the Permanent High Level Group, which meets every three months. The Energy Community Parliamentary Plenum brings together elected members of parliament to make the Energy Community better equipped to adopt and implement the acquis.
The Energy Community Regulatory Board is the coordination body of the national energy regulators, which fosters the exchange of knowledge and development of best practices for regulated electricity and gas markets in the Energy Community.
Conceived as discussion platforms, three advisory Fora in the areas of electricity, gas and oil complement the process. Specialised Working Groups and Task Forces also support the Energy Community’s work. In addition, the Energy Community regularly engages with its stakeholders, including civil society, investors and donors. Based in Vienna, Austria, the Secretariat is the only permanently acting and independent institution of the Energy Community.